Risk factors for cancer

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Doctors often can not quite explain why some people develop cancer and others do not. However, various studies in this area have shown that certain risk factors that increase the likelihood that a person will start to develop cancer.

The most encountered risk factors for cancer:

  • aging (most cancers occur in people older than 65 years);
  • tobacco (smokers are more at risk than non-smokers lung cancer, oral cavity, larynx, esophagus, kidney, bladder, throat, stomach, pancreas, cervix or prostate cancer);
  • sunlight;
  • some chemical and other substances;
  • ionizing radiation;
  • family history of cancer;
  • some hormones;
  • Some bacteria and viruses;
  • lack of physical activity;
  • poor nutrition;
  • alcohol;
  • overweight.

From most of these risk factors can be saved. But such factors as family history, can not be prevented. People can protect themselves from cancer, while avoiding the possibility of the known risk factors.

If you are worried that you may be at risk of getting cancer, you'd better discuss this with your doctor who will advise you how to reduce the risk of cancer.

Over time, several risk factors may act together, resulting in a normal, healthy cells to become cancerous. When thinking about the risk of getting cancer, take into account such things:

Not everything causes cancer.

Cancer is not a result of these injuries, like a bruise or bump.

Cancer is not a contagious disease. Although infection by certain viruses or bacteria may increase the risk of developing certain types of cancer, cancer no one can "pick up" by another person.

Having one or more risk factors does not mean that you will get cancer. A lot of people who are exposed to risk factors never get sick oncology. Because they are more resistant than others to the known risk factors.

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